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AIRSHIP OPERATIONS INC

The Most Technically Advanced
Airships in Production Today

SKYSHIP 600        SKYSHIP 500 HL

SENTINEL 1000        NIGHTSIGN SYSTEM

 

Global Skyship Industries, Inc. and its sister company, Airship Operations, Inc. own and operate airships -- or blimps, as they are commonly called -- for commercial advertising, military and government applications throughout the world. The company operates the most technically advanced airships in production today -- the Skyship Series, which are certified by the FAA (Federal Aviation Administration) for day and night passenger flight. Additional worldwide certifications have been awarded from the CAA (England), JCAB (Japan), KCAB (Korea) and the CAA (Australia). 

On December 12, 1996 Aviation Support Group, Ltd, the parent company of Airship Operations, Inc. purchased Westinghouse Airships, Inc. and Westinghouse Surveillance Systems, Ltd. from Westinghouse Electric Corporation. These companies were renamed Global Skyship Industries, Inc. and Global Skyship Industries, Ltd. Today Global Skyship Industries is the Type Certificate holder and manufacturer of the largest, most technologically advanced airships in the world.

Airship Operations, Inc. builds, operates, trains and supports Skyships and crews for clients worldwide. 

 

What's New!
AIRSHIP OPERATIONS, INC
TO FLY FOR TOMMY HILFIGER U.S.A.


The dirigibles: great giants of the airs

“MY FATHER was a radiotelegrapher in an airship, and he was passionate about his work,” he said to Awake! Mrs. Ingeborg Waldorf. Indeed, during the first decades of the last century, much of the world was fascinated by these huge aerostats, which made them feel wherever they went.

The era of these colossal ships occupied the first half of century XX, during which they shone like dazzling stars in the international firmament. However, their spectacular achievements would be eclipsed by equally spectacular catastrophes. In 1937, when the Hindenburg crashed in the American county of Lakehurst (New Jersey), that era that nevertheless offers an interesting history.

From hot air balloons to dirigibles

For centuries, the inventors tried to get the man to fly. In the eighteenth century, the French Joseph-Michel and Jacques-Étienne Montgolfier observed that the smoke rose through the air and deduced that it must have some special property that would allow human beings to travel through the air. So they made a large bag of paper and cloth, and placed it on a steaming fire. The villagers who came to witness the experiment were astonished to see it ascend through the skies. It was June 1783: the Montgolfier brothers had just invented the hot air balloon. Five months later, the first manned flight took place on one of its balloons.

The drawback of these devices was that they had to follow the direction of the wind. To control the course, a propulsion device was needed. The first person who combined the ascent with the propulsion was the Frenchman Henri Giffard, who in 1852 manned an aerostat with steam engine. Instead of hot air, Giffard used to raise a lighter gas: hydrogen. Since that vehicle could be directed, it received the name of dirigible.

About ten years later, a German military man traveled to North America to follow closely the Civil War, in which both factions used balloons to make reconnaissance of enemy positions. The deep impression he received on his first aerostatic flight over the Mississippi River would help his surname remain indelibly linked to airships. It was Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin.

Count Zeppelin’s gigantic aircraft

According to certain testimonies, the count acquired the plans of an airship with aluminum structure of its inventor, Croat David Schwarz. Zeppelin was fascinated by the idea of ​​building aerostats whose dimensions allowed the transport of many passengers or heavy loads. That is why he made dirigibles with a metallic skeleton and cloth cover that were distinguished by their formidable size and pure form. * Inside the frame, or under it, they carried a cabin, or gondola, that accommodated the crew, as well as the passengers, who sometimes lodged in the belly of the ship. The upward force was provided by hydrogen, distributed in several compartments – reservoirs or gas bags – located inside the frame, and the propulsion was obtained by motors installed on it. The aerostatic experiments earned Zeppelin fame as a reckless eccentric, but ended up triumphing.

Zeppelin left the army and focused on the design and manufacture of airships. His first creation made the maiden voyage near the German city of Friedrichshafen in July 1900. The crowds crowded on the shores of Lake Constance to see how it hovered for eighteen minutes that cylinder 127 meters long. After this was founded the aircraft manufacturer Luftschiffbau Zeppelin GmbH, which manufactured more airships. The count went from eccentric to a world figure, praised by the Kaiser as the most illustrious German of the twentieth century.

The first passenger airline in the world

Zeppelin believed that his gigantic aerostats would allow Germany to achieve aerial supremacy. Thus, during World War I, the army of his country used them to spy on enemy territory and even to throw bombs. In fact, the most destructive air raid during that conflict was made by an airship that flew over London.

However, civil aviation enthusiasts recognized their potential for passenger transportation. Hence the founding of the Deutsche Luftschiffahrts-Aktien-Gesellschaft (German Air Transport Company), the first civil airline in the world, which over the years extended its services outside Europe. For example, the dirigibles Graf Zeppelin and Hindenburg made trips back and forth between Germany and places like Rio de Janeiro and Lakehurst.

The airship fever spread to the United States. In 1928, when Graf Zeppelin carried out his inaugural flight, a transatlantic voyage between Friedrichshafen and the American east coast , when the Graf Zeppelin made a dash to the gardens of the White House to see the passage of the colossus. In New York, the enthusiasm was overflowing, to such a degree that the city received the crew with a triumphal parade.

Aboard the Hindenburg

The airship flight did not resemble today’s plane travel. Imagine what it was like to climb the Hindenburg, three times as long as a jumbo jet and with a height of thirteen stories. The traveler did not have a single seat, but an entire cabin with a bed and bathroom with top rated toilets. He did not have to fasten a seat belt during the take-off, but it was possible to stay in the cabin or walk in the gallery, looking through the windows, which could be opened. All these facilities for the passengers were in the huge belly of the ship.

According to the book Hindenburg-An Illustrated History, 50 diners were served in the dining room with silver cutlery, chinaware and white tablecloths. A typical transatlantic voyage used 800 eggs, 200 kilos of beef and poultry, and 100 of butter. There was a kitchen equipped with all the necessary appliances to make and refrigerate the food, as well as to make ice. A grand piano adorned the living room, where a stewardess attended the passengers.

In Hindenburg the comfort over speed prevailed. Moving at almost 130 kilometers per hour and at an altitude of 200 meters, in 1936 he made his fastest transatlantic trip: about forty-three hours. The crossing was usually gentle. So much so that, on a flight from Lakehurst, a passenger so tiredly climbed the airship that she slept in the cabin. Later he called the flight attendant and demanded that he tell him when they were finally leaving. Disconcerted, this one indicated that they had been in the air for two hours. “Do not deceive me!” Replied the lady, who did not believe him until she went into the living room and saw the coast of New England from above.

The most famous aircraft of all time

The era of the dirigible reached its peak in 1929, with the return to the world of Graf Zeppelin. Beginning officially in Lakehurst, he circumnavigated the globe from west to east in twenty-one days, with stopovers in Friedrichshafen, Tokyo-where 250,000 people were welcomed-in San Francisco and Los Angeles. Two years later he made history again by meeting in the Arctic with a Russian icebreaker. He says the work Hindenburg-An Illustrated History: “By now the Graf Zeppelin had an almost mystical reputation and caused a stir wherever he went. It is not risky to say that it was the most famous aircraft of all time, even more so than the modern Concorde. “

Other nations also augured a great future for rigid airships. Britain planned to build a fleet of silver giants that, with regular flights to India and Australia, join the remotest corners of the empire. In the United States, Shenandoah was the first to use helium instead of flammable hydrogen. In addition, the Akron and the Macon could launch and recover in flight small ships that kept inside. Thanks to the radiocompás, the Macon was the first air carrier of high efficiency.

Spectacular catastrophes

“In fact, my father loved to fly,” Mrs. Waldorf continued, mentioned at first, “but she was worried about the risks.” Of course, he made those trips during World War I. However, despite their famous achievements, they were dangerous ships even in times of peace. For what reason?

One of his great enemies was bad weather. For example, 8 of the first 24 aircraft built by Count Zeppelin were lost because of this. In 1925, the fury of the winds tore American Shenandoah in mid-flight. Finally, two other weather-related air disasters – the loss of the Akron in 1933 and the Macon less than two years later – marked the end of the era of gigantic rigid airships in the United States.

British hopes were on R-101. But in 1930, in his first trip from Great Britain to India, he did not surpass France, where the rigor of the climate made him crash. One writer points out that “since the loss of the Titanic in 1912, no disaster had so moved national opinion.” The heyday of the rigid airships of the United Kingdom came to an end.

Nevertheless, the German airship industry kept its confidence alive, until a catastrophe struck the world. In May 1937, on a trip from Frankfurt to New Jersey, the Hindenburg maneuvered to land at Lakehurst’s Naval Air Station when a small fire fungus suddenly emerged on the outer deck, near the tail. The hydrogen combustion of the bags quickly wrapped the ship in flames, which claimed 36 lives.

For the first time, the television cameras recorded the disaster live. The film roll of the thirty-four catastrophic seconds -from the first flame until the colossus crashes to the ground-was displayed all over the world, with remarks, drowned out by the pain, of the reporter: “It’s on fire, everything It becomes flames. […] Poor humanity and poor passengers! ” In a sense, the more than thirty years of gigantic dirigibles ended in only thirty-four seconds.

A new generation of blimps

The city of Friedrichshafen never lost the fascination with airships. The Zeppelin Museum takes visitors on a journey through time, giving them the opportunity to climb a reconstructed section of the Hindenburg. A museum guide, who saw the original ship at the Berlin Olympics (1936), said to Awake !: “There are no words to describe how we felt before those airships. It was overwhelming. “

It is announced that a new generation of dirigibles are on the way, benefiting from the latest advances in technology. Smaller than their enormous predecessors, they are prepared for “exclusive, quiet and ecological tourism”. Will they reach as high a heights as their ancestors, the great flying giants? Time will tell.

THE BEST CHEAP 2016 FOOD PROCESSOR

Feeding the Mini is one of the most important aspects to take care of when you have a child. Ensuring a healthy, nutritious and balanced diet for its proper development becomes fundamental.

In the market can find infinity of processors of infantile foods that will help you to elaborate easily and quickly the food of your Mini, but how to know which to choose>? What aspects should be taken into account before buying a kitchen robot?

We have conducted a research of more than 50 hours, where we have analyzed and compared more than 40 products on the market, selecting the 5 best mini food processors on the market to prepare the small food of the house.

Throughout this complete guide you can find 3 useful items with relevant information that will help you choose the best the best Mini food processor:

Before Buying a Mini Food Processor: Tips
Comparatives and prices
The Best Mini Food Processor of 2016
If you already have clear what you want, in the following links you have our recommendations and the general catalog. If you want more information or do not know what are the best alternatives currently offered by the market … read on!

1. BEFORE BUYING A Mini FOOD PROCESSOR: ADVICES

A Mini food processor can become a useful tool to quickly and easily prepare your Mini’s meals at home, giving you the opportunity to prepare quality dishes for your Mini and to know at all times what you eat.

Before buying a child food processor it is worth stopping to assess the characteristics of it. We recommend that you keep these recommendations in mind:

Choose a complete model with multiple functions (mixer, juicer, chopper, kneader, blender and much more on the same machine)
Be sure to always bet by first brands in the market to enjoy the maximum guarantees of satisfaction
Check that the model purchased is made of durable, durable and easy-to-clean materials
It is important that you ensure that the chosen child food processor scrupulously complies with current safety regulations
It is vital that the product chosen is not made with any toxic product that could be transmitted to your Mini’s food
It is important to make sure that the food processor fits perfectly to your needs, that it is manageable, practical and functional
If you are going to have a Mini, do not hesitate to purchase a food processor that will help you to prepare your meals easily and quickly, making sure you eat healthy and nutritious foods.

2. COMPARISON OF FOOD PROCESSORS

The Mini food processor will become a great ally in the kitchen to prepare your child’s meals, so make sure you opt for a quality model that perfectly matches your function.

It is essential that when carrying out the purchase of a food processor or food processor take into account some essential factors to consider:

Brands: Choosing a brand recognized in the market will give you many more guarantees of success when choosing your food processor for children. You can find many interesting proposals like Chicco, Philips Avent, Taurus or DeLonghi, Duronic, among others
Functions : It is recommended to choose a multifunctional model, that is to say, that offers the possibility to perform several functions with the same apparatus (mixer, juicer, chopper, kneader, blender, cooker, etc.)
Cleaning . Check that it is a model easily removable to be able to proceed to its easy cleaning after use. It is key that it is a safe and hygienic product for your Mini, since it will be where your food is prepared.
Capacity: Choosing a model with more or less capacity will mainly depend on your specific needs. If you wish to prepare food for several times or prepare the food jointly of other members of the family, we recommend a processor with good capacity.
Programming: It is convenient to allow you to program the preparation of your meals so you can carefree once you add food inside, and also have automatic shutdown once it is finished.
Materials: In addition to being materials that comply with the current safety regulations, it is key that it does not have toxic compounds, besides being resistant, and durable.
Portable: If you are a couple that travels a lot from place to place with your Mini, it is appropriate to choose a portable and compact model that allows you to take it wherever you want and to make rich dishes for your Mini.
Most Popular Brands

Parents who are going to buy a Mini food processor will find many brands on the market, but they are especially noteworthy:

Duronic: The Duronic brand, always thinking about the wellbeing and safety of the smallest of the house, makes available to parents a wide assortment of food processors with an exceptional value for money.
Philips Avent: Another of the top brands on the market is Philips Avent, one of the most popular brands of Mini food processors on the market, as this brand offers quality, price, design, strength and many facilities to parents.
Chicco: Chicco brand, par excellence brand of children’s products of all kinds that has for sale an extensive assortment of products to prepare your Mini’s food quickly, easily and safely, without neglecting the quality and the price.
Price range

If you do not want to spend a lot of money on a Mini food processor you should know that the market there are options from 20 Euros that can be of great help to you to elaborate the small dishes of the house.

If you are looking for a sophisticated, modern model that gives you all the possible facilities, you should know that the cost of these sections can reach up to 250-300 Euros.

A course of kayaking, open air activites, camping and nature

Twenty students from various UC careers participate in the summer academic season (TAV) of Campus Villarrica, called “Kayak, Campamento y naturaleza”. The course will be held from Monday 5 until Friday 16 January .

The students who are participating in the TAV belong to the engineering courses common plan, commercial engineering, agronomy, medicine, college and education, among others. During the course of optional, practical and theoretical nature, they carry out various activities covering topics such as natural heritage, techniques of minimum environmental impact, leadership, first aid, outdoor life and camps.

Diego Hurtado, coordinator of TAV and professor of Physical Education, said: “It is the second year that we conducted the course” Kayak, Campamento y Naturaleza “. This season we had great interest of the students of different races of the UC, where we have 20 participants during two weeks. The course wishes to contribute to the training and specialization of all nature-loving person, giving the opportunity to enjoy the lake, by means of kayak; Of forests and nature reserves, through trekking; And of the flora and fauna, by means of its history and characteristics “.

The course aims to provide a theoretical and practical framework for basic kayak navigation in a lake system from seakayakermag, the use of outdoor life techniques and knowledge of the aquatic ecosystem, which will allow the future professional to implement this new knowledge In their daily work and / or as a potential alternative to work and even as methodological innovation of the corresponding specialty.

The director of the campus, Antonio Hargreaves, explained: “Taking the course at the Villarrica campus allows students from other UC careers to come and meet the campus and share with students, teachers and officials. This year the interest increased notably, only one of the participants knew the campus . For two weeks the young people will be able to carry out various activities in the open air and in the classroom, to enjoy and to know our area “.

Comparison Of The Best Fryers Without Oil before Skydiving

Since I do not know if the manager was a sorcerer because it seems that, more and more, we face that point. But no, I do not sell you Soylent Green pills, but I do come to show you the best fryer without oil! The new fashionable device suitable for young people who take care of themselves. Read el artículo entero below.

Worth buying a fryer without http://comprarfreidora.tumblr.com/ ? The food always fries and in every circumstance tastes good, but we know that it is mainly because of the amount of oil it carries, and that so much oil is not good for new fryers without oil promise exquisite food with 80 percent less fat, “but Do you really know the food of a fryer without oil? By the time I arrived without oil fryer home, http://comprarfreidora.tumblr.com/post/144103707696/tefal-actifry-la-mejor-freidora-sin-aceite-del were intrigued and came to see It worked and see if the publicity was true. How do you plan to fry something without oil? “They said to me – the answer is clear: You can not fry without oil, these fryers use a combination of hot air and grill plate to cook food, which are placed in a removable basket.

Most oil-free fryers come with recipe books to cook other foods (pizzas, meats and even desserts) but my main goal, as many people are frying potatoes, croquettes nuggets without recommending so much use of pre-cooked chips ( Of the frozen ones that are already cut) since they take some oil so that they are more roasting than a natural potato (although you can also use natural potatoes but they take something more according to the variety). You throw them to the tray, you close the lid, You select the necessary program and half of the cooking opens to give them a turn (this does not happen with the oil-free fryer Actifry as long as it takes a few blades to move the groceries well by each side). The first round of potatoes I made with the oil-free fryer came out well (they were natural potato cut wide), but I did not notice the difference to have them baked, because they were terrible, but it was not like eating French fries “, they lacked that point Of crackling that gives the oil.

Eating healthy has become a necessary habit today, but to achieve it you need the best implements in your kitchen. The best oil-free fryer on the market is the Phillips HD9220 / 20. It is a pot with a series of elements suitable for cooking healthy food: adjustable temperature control so you can regulate the time and quality of cooking (without burning anything), timer that tells you when cooking is ready To be more than sure of what you cooked, and incorporates a mechanism of automatic disconnection to avoid both a higher energy consumption and that the foodstuffs will burn.

Among the things that I miss most in my diet to take care of a bit are the chips. Theoretically they only carry 140 kcal / 100 gr. (The frozen ones to fry) but to that it is necessary to add the calories of the fats … that are not few … Thanks to this great fryer (without oil) I can take French fries, sticks of chicken, croquettes, fish sticks , etc. Without incorporating unnecessary fats and which are also unhealthy and expensive. http://vaporerasyfreidoras.yolasite.com/ ultimately you save money and gain health.

Jocca oil-free fryers will leave you in a few minutes to fry in a healthy way. With a power of 1500W make this fryer fast.

It incorporates an oven function, increasing its cooking capabilities to cakes, lasagne and other cooking that require baking, coupled with the large capacity of five liters in your ceramic container, ideal for burners and ovens (just in case you want to use a traditional one) . It has the ability to program the temperature and the cooking time with buttons, avoiding leaving things to the test and letting other activities to be carried out with total safety. In case you are new to the culinary grounds, it includes a recipe book with more than 50 recipes to help you recreate healthy palates.

Another reason that makes it great is the incorporation of an integrated air filter to avoid letting smells of cooking to your environment, keeping it fresh and clean. In addition to this, you have the possibility to wash it in the dishwasher, so you will not waste a good time or effort in cleaning it.

How should a pilot eat?

A healthy diet is balanced by the different immediate principles and by the intake of adequate amounts to the age, weight and activities of people: quality and quantity will be the objectives.

Deviations, either by excess (overfeeding) or by default (insufficient feeding) can have unfavorable repercussions on flight. And, in turn, the flight activity usually interrupts or modifies the pilot’s basic habits (sleep, food and drink) and should plan food to suit the demands of aerial work.

WHAT “AMOUNT” OF CALORIES SHOULD BE INGESTED DAILY?

The amount of energy that nutrients provide is measurable. The basic unit is the calorie (unit of measurement of quantity of heat required to spend 1 gram of water from 14.5 ° to 15.5 °). In fact when we speak of “calories” in colloquial language, we refer to “Calories” (in capital letters) or kilocalories (a thousand times greater unit).

Energy needs will depend on spending on basal conditions plus energy expenditure. Basal expenditure or metabolism refers to the minimum consumption needed to sustain life. For a young adult comes to be about 1,500 Kcal / day. The energy expenditure is mainly determined by physical exercise. Flight crew in general can be considered to perform moderate physical activity (175 Kcal / hour) and therefore daily requirements will vary between 2,200-3,000 Kcal / day depending on sex, weight and type of flight. A simple formula to calculate your needs is to multiply the weight by 35 and you will get an approximate value.

HOW DO YOU VALUE THE “QUALITY” OF WHAT YOU EAT?

Already known quantity requirements, the crew must know that this energy obtained from the immediate principles of food: carbohydrates or carbohydrates, lipids or fats and proteins , plus diet include vitamins and minerals . The percentage of them comes to be: 60% carbohydrates carbon, 25% fat, 15% protein. Adequate nutrition will give preference to carbohydrates of slow absorption against simple sugars, vegetable fats against animals and high-energy proteins.

Overall, the Spanish rider has it easy, must only follow tradition and based on the Mediterranean diet that includes foods from the seven main groups : milk and dairy products; Meats, fish and eggs; Legumes and nuts; Vegetables and vegetables; fruits; Cereals and sugar and oils.

PECULIARITIES OF DIET AND FLIGHT

It is clear that the flight activity will influence the pilot’s feeding. Flying a commercial plane is not the same as a fighter bomber or an acrobatic aircraft. We know that the practice of not eating or doing irregularly for long periods contributes to fatigue, human error and therefore can become a factor affecting air safety. Insufficient pre-flight feeding can lead to mild hypoglycemia (blood sugar lowering) that can lead to disruptions that compromise the crew’s activities.

May be recommended generically to all drivers: The diet rich in carbohydrates, which provides glucose necessary for the proper functioning of the central nervous system , not fly on an empty stomach, eat easily digestible foods and avoid forming gas, And avoid flying after copious meals.

Drinking water should be “generous” especially if you sweat a lot (in this case, do not forget to add salt), and do not abuse stimulating drinks (coffee and tea). Alcohol is not a food and should not be mixed with flight.

Overfeeding should be avoided before and during the flight especially to prevent drowsiness and gas formation. In the long term, it should be avoided since obesity is a risk factor for multiple diseases,

PREFOOD FOOD

It is recommended that all crew consume a balanced meal between 1 and 2 hours before takeoff. According to the schedule: if the flight is in the morning it may be a breakfast and if it is in the afternoon or evening a meal based on carbohydrates. Foods that cause flatulence, as well as foods with a lot of fat that are digested with greater difficulty should be avoided. You should consume enough water to be well hydrated.

FEEDING DURING FLIGHT

The food in flight usually is compromised by the limitation of space, the general equipment and the exigencies of the flight. As a general rule, all aircraft operating long-haul flights must provide the necessary equipment to be able to offer hot food to the crew every 6 hours. Likewise it is recommended a provision of liquid of 1.5 liters of water per person and 16 hours of flight. The acceptability of food is different from ground and an additional problem is usually the monotony of the diet on repeated flights. Liquids are very important and should be available at any time. The most accepted are fresh water, coffee, tea and fruit juices.

POST-FLIGHT FEEDING

The food of the personnel returning from a flight has as main function to balance the nutritional deficiencies that could have occurred in the prolonged or especially intense flights. Good nutrition is the responsibility of the crew member himself, he must understand and recognize the value of good food as a factor of general well-being and development of one’s own health in the medium and long term.

Effects of flight on food
  1. Decreased mobility of the digestive tract; Slow emptying of the stomach.
  2. Decreased gastric secretion.
  3. Expansion of intestinal gas.
  4. Limited time to eat (huge rush).
  5. Uneven meal schedule for commercial flight schedules.
  6. Qualitative changes by catering imperative.

Industrial cleaning service – hotel carpets, airport floors, machines containing contaminated areas

Quality service industrial cleaningwe provide is characterized by excellent and responds satisfactorily to the needs, expectations and desires of demanding customers from different industrial sectors.

The company providing the highest quality in the service of industrial cleaning is Tecnovapor, a company that has over forty years dedicated to meet the most stringent sanitation works, decontamination and sterilization.

Extensive experience in industrial cleaning service

The facilities, where the professional experts are willing to provide you with the most efficient personalized attention you deserve, explain about the industrial cleaning service and answer the questions you ask about it, Visit beststeammopreviewspro.com.

With the industrial cleaning service we provide, the professionals ensure that hotel carpets, airport floors, machines containing contaminated areas, among other places are completely clean and disinfected.

Our professionals, who have deep knowledge about the handling of state-of-the-art technological equipment from Italian brands such as Ghibli and Pacriva, are responsible for providing the highest quality in the industrial cleaning service required by customers.

Ask us about the industrial cleaning service we offer, right now!

In addition to the industrial cleaning service we provide, we deal with other jobs such as desalination, thinning to remove the roughest parts of surfaces, grease degreasing, staining to remove stains, sterilization, decontamination of contaminated areas and descaling of chewing gum .

Understand and account for a airport operators invoice

Often present in international operations, freight forwarders, who are charged with negotiating with carriers and organizing transport, often have a very specific method of billing.

This term (forwarder) is first and foremost a generic name that groups together a number of activities.From a purely legal point of view, there are both agents (customs agents, port freight forwarders or airport operators) and commission agents (group consignor, road charterer, authorized economic operator).

Finally, freight forwarders specialize according to the mode of transport, the geographical area, the goods, the type of operations …

There are two types of invoices that can be issued by freight forwarders: import and export.

Accounting for the freight forwarder’s invoice: the different accounts to be used

To properly account for the invoice of a freight forwarder, one must first understand it and understand certain specificities of their operations. Once the different lines have been understood, the accounts to be used are always the same.

Expense accounts are used for items at the expense of the company such as customs duties, fees or remuneration of freight forwarder and freight charges.

The schedule of entries thus becomes the following (subject to not incorporating the costs into the purchasing accounts concerned):

60xxx For customs duties
6224xx Remuneration of freight forwarder
6241xx Shipping costs
445660 VAT on goods, customs duties and freight forwarding charges (with option for debits, 445860 otherwise)
401xx Supplier X

As far as customs duties are concerned, they will be incorporated into the purchasing costs of the raw materials or goods, whenever the allocation is possible. In the case of goods, customs duties must be entered in account 607000, which corresponds to the goods purchased or in a sub-account (example: 607110 customs duties on type A goods). The use of an account 608xxx “accessory purchase costs” is also possible.

Account 635xxx dedicated to customs duties will only be used if customs duties can not be charged to the purchase cost. Visit Online bookkeeper gold coast for more information.

Understanding the invoice of a freight forwarder to import: the different lines lines – customs duties, VAT and freight charges …

When importing, the freight forwarder’s bill is often accompanied by:

It usually comprises two columns depending on whether or not the transactions are subject to VAT in France.

The following table is based on the regulatory framework for invoicing proposed by the Federation of Transport and Logistics Companies of France (TLF). The following table is just one example. Not all of these lines are always present on all invoices.

The customs agent usually makes advance payments of duties and taxes for imported goods, hence the presence of VAT and customs duties.

Intervention fees are fees, freely negotiated between the commission agent and his client.

The collection credit is a guarantee given by a bank or an insurance company to the commission agent, which entails a financial charge which the latter then passes on to each importer.

The advance of funds is the remuneration of the commission agent who advances the duties and taxes for his importing customer. It represents 1% of duties and taxes per month.

The insurance and management line is filled in when the freight forwarder assumes the insurance of the risks of transport and the rebacture to his customer with a management fee in addition.

The last part of the invoice makes it possible to total the taxable and non-taxable amounts and to indicate the VAT invoiced in addition by the freight forwarder.

 

Invoicing a freight forwarder is easier than importing

Because export clearance is much simpler than importing, these bills are much simpler than the previous ones.

Only the customs agent’s expense lines and the freight forwarder’s costs (including freight costs) generally remain.

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